Tag: Graduated Response

EMI Records v UPC – the case for legislative solutions to illegal file sharingEMI Records v UPC – the case for legislative solutions to illegal file sharing



Earlier today, the Irish High Court released its decision on whether it would grant an injunction against an ISP (in this case UPC) requiring it to implement a graduated response solution to reduce unauthorized file sharing of music. After reviewing a large amount of evidence and hearing from experts, the Court ruled that this type of order would be just and proportionate. However, it ruled that it lacked the jurisdiction to make such an order.

Here are some of the important findings made by Justice Charleton, the same judge who presided over the EMI Records & Ors -v- Eircom Ltd, [2010] IEHC 108 case :

  • The business of the recording industry is “being devastated by internet piracy”.

Canada called out for weak copyright laws by IFPI and at the Heritage CommitteeCanada called out for weak copyright laws by IFPI and at the Heritage Committee



Digital piracy remains one of the biggest obstacles for the recording industry. It is an especially significant problem here in Canada. A major contributor is weak copyright protection which limits the development of new business models for music in Canada. These are the conclusions of the IFPI which just published a report setting out a comprehensive picture of the key trends in today’s music business including key trends in Canada. It is also the opinion of representatives of the recording industry who appeared before the Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage last week.

Graduated response: a least cost solution to reducing online copyright infringementGraduated response: a least cost solution to reducing online copyright infringement



A new article, Three strikes law: a least cost solution to rampant online piracy, published  by Charn Wing Wan, argues that graduated response systems can be justified on economic grounds as a way of reducing transaction costs associated with enforcing online copyright infringement.

The abstract of the article states the following:

“Legal context: The prohibitively high cost of civil litigation is inefficient against millions of online infringers; it is virtually impossible to stop online infringement. The establishment and maintenance of a social norm which makes people willing to conform to pro-copyright norms independent of any consideration of legal incentives is indispensable in the fight against online infringers.

Is graduated response necessary to protect human rights from online copyright infringement?Is graduated response necessary to protect human rights from online copyright infringement?



Last week, the Irish High Court released an important decision in the EMI Records & Ors -v- Eircom Ltd ,  [2010] IEHC 108 case. The court held that a settlement agreement between an Irish ISP, Eircom, and owners of copyright protected sound recordings and videos to implement a voluntary graduated response system was compatible with Irish data protection legislation. The ruling by Justice Charleton delivered on 16th April, 2010, is noteworthy not only because it found that collecting and using IP addresses for the purposes of sending out graduated response notices to subscribers does not violate data protection legislation.

A framework for voluntary graduated response in online copyright enforcementA framework for voluntary graduated response in online copyright enforcement



More and more, graduated response systems are being debated and put forward as legitimate solutions to online file sharing. In a recent article, “Graduated Response and the Turn to Private Ordering in Online Copyright Enforcement“, Professor Annmarie Bridy of theUniversity of Idaho College of Law explains why “voluntary graduated response, as publicly controversial as it is, is squarely on the table as corporate rights owners and broadband providers discuss their respective roles in the future of online copyright enforcement.”  

Reflections on the liberal roundtable on the digital economyReflections on the liberal roundtable on the digital economy



Last week, Liberal Industry critic Marc Garneau and Heritage critic Pablo Rodriguez hosted a roundtable on the digital economy in Ottawa. There were two panels. One was on our modern digital infrastructure. The other one was on copyright, broadcasting and the Internet. I participated in the copyright roundtable along with representatives from the ESAC, ACTRA, Rogers and Prof. Geist.

I commend Messrs. Garneau and Rodriguez for organizing this event. Developing a strategy for Canada’s digital future is a critical component of ensuring prosperity and opportunities for all Canadians.

The fallout from iiNet: markets and laws failing in face of net piracyThe fallout from iiNet: markets and laws failing in face of net piracy



Last week the Federal Court of Australia released its important decision in the iiNet case. As many commentators have pointed out, the court declined to require Australia’s ISPs to disconnect those of its subscribers who are repeat copyright infringers.

In the course of reaching this decision, the court made a number of important rulings about the liability arising from the use of BitTorrent networks including the following:

  • Seeders and peers that make music available for sharing are infringers under Australia’s making available right.

Debating graduated response at the Center for Democracy and TechnologyDebating graduated response at the Center for Democracy and Technology



The US Center for Democracy and Technology recently hosted a debate about the pros and cons of graduated responses systems. The debate can be seen below.  

As Canada considers its options for copyright reform, we should be focusing not on whether we should implement graduated response, but on how we ought to do it.

France, the UK, and New Zealand have shown the way. Representatives from Belgium and now Turkey have also expressed support for implementing  such a regime. Yesterday’s iiNet decision in Australia shows that self-regulatory approaches may not work out as expected. 

A reply to ACTA criticsA reply to ACTA critics



Last week was another busy week for developments in ACTA. There were meetings in Mexico by representatives from Canada and its key trading partners to further flesh out how to address the worldwide problems with counterfeiting and piracy. Meanwhile, anti-copyright critics were busy filling the blogosphere and press attacking the proposed treaty.

Of course, the actual text of the treaty is not know by the public. So commentators have relied on their interpretations of leaked documents to try and derail it.

The costs and benefits of graduated response in copyright enforcementThe costs and benefits of graduated response in copyright enforcement



There recently has been a debate over the economic costs and benefits behind graduated response systems aimed at reducing online file sharing. Professor Geist, for example, recently posted a blog estimating the costs of a graduated response system. I believe the topic of the costs and benefits of graduated response mechanisms is an important one. Let us take a closer look at this topic and the assertion that graduated response cannot be justified because of its costs.

Until now, the roll-out of the Internet, which has contributed to the mass consumption of digital equipment at the end-user level, has ensured that digital information is the universal means through which the whole planet can easily communicate.